BIMODAL INPUT IN TEACHING LISTENING COMPREHENSION EXERCISES

A Study of Beginner Level Students in TOEIC Preparation Classes

  • budiarto budiarto STIBA IEC JAKARTA
Keywords: : listening comprehension, bimodal, TOEIC score

Abstract

The objective of this study was to see whether bimodal input (audio and its tape-script) can increase students’ listening comprehension in TOEIC listening section. Three groups of freshmen were involved in this study. Before the experiment began, three groups took the same TOEIC listening pre-test. They were selected and put into three groups with roughly equal level based on pre-test scores. All of the three groups trained in the same listening comprehension skills and strategies, and after that they did the same TOEIC listening post-test. There were two experimental groups, one group was shown the tape-script during the listening exercises) and the other experimental group was provided tape-script in the post listening comprehension practices, while the control is not shown the tape-script at all. By using a projector, presentation slides of tape-script were shown to the two experimental groups, one group was exposed the tape-script and at the same time the students were reading the script, and the other group was exposed with the tape-script after they finished listening, in order to check and analyze some parts in the listening to make sure about they heard and to see the relevant information needed. The pre-test and post-test comparisons showed that all three groups performed better as indicated by the increase of the listening comprehension scores in the post test, so it may show that each group is eager to learn the language. Each has to deal with the test which consists of 100 questions broken down into four parts, photographs, questions and responses, conversations, and talks. The writer does not specify the results based on each part, but on basis of the whole listening section result instead.

References

Alison, Jenifer and Halliwell, Susan. (2002). Challenging classes: Focus on pupil behaviour. London: CILT.
Brown, H. Douglas. 2001. Teaching by Principles: An Interactive Approach to Language Pedagogy. New York: Longman.
Buck, Gary. 2001. Assessing Listening. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Byrne, Donn. 1986. Teaching Oral English. Essex: Longman.
Woods, Caroline. 2005. Professional Development for Teachers: Teaching and Assessing Skills in Foreign Languages. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Celce-Murcia, Marianne. 2001. Teaching English as a Second or Foreign Language. Boston: Heinle and Heinle.
Chang, Anna Ching-Shyang and Read, John. 2005. "Reducing Listening Test Anxiety Through Various Forms of Listening Support". Journal of TESL-EJ Vol. 8 (March). [2/20/2006]
Chen, Yiching. 2005. "Barriers to Acquiring Listening Strategies for EFL Learners and their Pedagogigal Implications". Journal of TESL-EJ Vol. 8 (March). [2/20/2006]
Creswell, John W. 212. “Educational Research: Planning, Conducting, and Evaluating Quantitative and Qualitative Research”. New York. Pearson
Doff, Adrian. 1990. Teach English: A Training Course for Teachers - Teacher's Handbook. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Doff, Adrian and Becket, Carolyn. 2001. Cambridge Skills for Fluency: Listening 1. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Etemadi, Aida. 2012. Effects of Bimodal Subtitling of English Movies on Content Comprehension and Vocabulary RecognitionI. Iran: Department of English Shiraz Branch, Islamic Azad University. Vol. 2, No. 1; February 2012
Flowerdew, John and Miller, Lindsay. 2005. Second Language Listening: Theory and Practice. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Flowerdew, John. 1994. Academic Listening: Research Perspectives. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Graham, Suzanne. 1997. Effective Language Learning: Positive Strategies for Advanced Level Language Learning. Clevedon: Multilingual Matters Ltd.
Haager, Diane K l i n g n e r, J a n e t t e k and Aceves, T e r e s e c . 2010. “How to Teach English Language Learners: Effective Strategies from Outstanding Educators”. San Francisco. Jossey-Bass
Harmer, Jeremy. 1991. The Practice of Language Teaching. Essex: Longman
Hébert, Denis. 1991. A Study of the Influence of Reading a Tape script To Help Prepare and Develop the Acquisition of Listening Comprehension in English as a Second Language When Using Authentic Video Material with Intermediate Students at the CEGEP Level.
Hedge, Tricia. 2002. Teaching and Learning in the Language Classroom. Oxford:
Oxford University Press
Hinkel, Eli.2005. TOEFL Test Strategies. Jakarta: Binarupa Aksara
Hunter, Jeremy and Mcrae, John. 1991. Talking Texts: School and Schooldays. London: Penguin Books Ltd
Kadir. 2016. Statistika Terapan: Konsep, Contoh dan Analisis Data Dengan Program SPSS/ Lisrel Dalam Penelitian. Jakarta. P.T. RajaGrafindo Persada
Kim, Juhi. 2013. “Dealing with Unknown Idiomatic Expressions in L2 Classroom”. Journal of English as an International Language, Vol. 8, Issue 2, The Ohio State University
Latifi, Mehdi, Mobalegh, Ali, and Mohammedi, Elham. 2011. " Movie Subtitles and the Improvement of Listening Comprehension Ability: Does it help?". The Journal of LanguageTeaching and Learning, 2011–1(2), 18‐29
Ligbtbown, Patsy and Spada, Nina. 2011. HowLanguages are learned. NewYork. Oxford.
Littlewood, William. (1981) Communicative Language Teaching. New York
Cambridge University Press.
Mohammad, Hassani, Rahmani, Ramin and Fard, Javad. 2014. “The effect of songs on efl learners’ grammar recall and retention”. The International Journal of Language Learning and Applied Linguistics World (IJLLALW).
Morley, Joan. 1984. Learning in Esl: Developing Self-Study Activities for Listening Comprehension. Florida: Harcourt Brace Jovanich, Inc.
Nation, I.S.P and Macalister, John. 2010. Language Curriculum Design. Routledge. New York.
Phillips, Deborah. 1996. Longman Complete Course for The TOEFL Test: Preparation for the Computer and Paper Tests. New York: Longman.
Phillips, Deborah. 2003. Preparation Course for The TOEFL Test: The Paper Test. New York: Longman.
Richards, C. Jack and Schmidt, Richard. 2002. Longman Dictionary of Language Teaching and Applied Linguistics. London: Longman.
Rost, Michael. 2002. Teaching and Researching Listening. London: Pearson Education Limited.
Su, Shao-Wen and Liu, Chung-Hsiang. 2012. “Teaching Listening Comprehension Skills: A Test-orientated Approach”. Journal of Language Teaching and Research
Ur, Penny. 1984. Teaching Listening Comprehension. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Uyanto, Stanislaus, S. 2006. Pedoman Analisis Data dengan SPSS. Jakarta: Graha Ilmu.
Willis, Jane. 1999. A Framework for Task Based Learning. Essex: Longman
Published
2018-08-21
How to Cite
budiarto, budiarto. (2018). BIMODAL INPUT IN TEACHING LISTENING COMPREHENSION EXERCISES. Journal of English Language and Literature (JELL), 1(01), 21-40. https://doi.org/10.2540/jell.v1i01.5